This course is available in the Fall and in the Spring.
Grades: 9, 10, 11, 12
Visual learning and hands-on exercises help reinforce the concepts covered in Chemistry B, which include the properties of matter, solutions, and energy. Students are also introduced to the principles of electrochemistry, organic chemistry, and nuclear chemistry.
Solids, Liquids, and Gases
In this unit you will analyze the states of matter in terms of particles and use the kinetic theory of matter to describe the behavior of matter in each state. You will predict how temperature, volume, and the number of particles affect gas pressure, and how to quantify these effects using Boyle’s, Charles’s, and the combined gas laws. You will have the opportunity to perform a virtual lab to investigate the relationship between the pressure and volume of a gas. Finally, you will learn how solutions form and compare different types of solutions.
Solutions, Acids, and Bases
In this unit you will continue to learn about different types of solutions as you examine some special properties of solutions and solve problems involving solubility and concentration. You will explore acids and bases as you compare acid-base theories, calculate acid and base concentrations, and describe what happens during neutralization reactions. You will have the opportunity to perform a virtual and a hands-on titration lab at the end of the unit.
Heat, Energy, and Reactions
In this unit you will continue to explore chemical reactions in terms of heat and energy as you learn how scientists measure the heat of a reaction and solve problems involving heat transfers in chemical reactions. You will identify factors that affect the rate of a reaction and design an experiment to test these factors. Finally, you will learn how amounts of reactants and products change in a chemical system at equilibrium and identify stresses that can change the equilibrium of a chemical reaction.
In this unit you will study electrochemistry, the branch of chemistry that deals with the relationship between electricity and chemical changes. You will examine how reactants and products gain and lose electrons, learn how to determine the oxidation number of an atom, and compare different types of electrochemical cells, which convert electrical energy into chemical energy or vice versa. In addition, you will have the opportunity to perform a virtual redox titration.
Many everyday items, such as clothes, food, and containers, are carbon-based, or organic compounds. Throughout this unit you will classify organic compounds, model their structures, examine how they form, and identify the organic compounds that certain common products contain. In addition, you will learn about the roles that carbon plays in biochemical processes.
Although nuclear materials are fairly common, most people do not know exactly what they are or what makes them both beneficial and dangerous. In this unit, you will explore different types and uses of radioactivity and analyze the various changes that nuclear particles may undergo. Also, you will learn how nuclear waste is stored and how scientists detect radiation.
Final Review and Exam
In this unit, you will have the opportunity to prepare for and take the final exam. The final exam may include any material that has been presented throughout the semester. Since this is a comprehensive exam, it may be helpful to organize your notes and answers to questions in your Science journal before you begin to review.
- Chemistry (Standard, Honors)
- iText Prentice Hall Chemistry